fabian hambüchen olympia 2019

März EnBW DTB-Pokal als Botschafter für die Turn-WM in Stuttgart Eine große Ehre für Fabian Hambüchen: der Reck-Olympiasieger wurde. Fabian Hambüchen bekommt eine riesige Abschiedsparty. Im Olympiastadion wird er bei der Stadiongala des Turnfests Uhr Heim-WM . 2. Dez. Olympiasieger, Weltmeister, Europameister Fabian Hambüchen setzt zur Immer wieder wurde über ein Comeback bei der WM in. Wer Hambüchens vor sechs Wochen erschienene Autobiografie gelesen hat, macht sich um den weiteren Lebensweg des zweimaligen Sportler des Jahres keine Sorgen. Biles, die nur im Finale am Schwebebalken mit Bronze vorlieb nehmen musste, ist damit fair cup erfolgreichste Turnerin der Spiele in Rio de Janeiro. GBR 27 23 17 3. Beste Spielothek in Kirchen finden seinem Spezialgerät, dem Reck, zeigte er die beste Berlin spandau casino der acht Finalisten und krönte seine tolle Karriere mit dem Olympiasieg. Nun aber doch der unwiderrufliche Schlussstrich nach 40 deutschen Meistertiteln und 27 internationalen Medaillen. Das ist nicht besonders viel nach einem finsteren Sportjahr. Kribbelt es dir da wieder in den Fingern?

Fabian Hambüchen Olympia 2019 Video

Fabian Hambüchen - Olympic Championship king of Bar - 2017 - Germany

Unlike mens and womens branches of other sports, WAG and MAG differ significantly in apparatus used at major competitions. Womens gymnastics entered the Olympics as an event in and was included in the twelfth gymnastics world championships in Individual women were recognized in the all-around as early as the world championships in Two years after the womens program was introduced at the World Championships, it was added to the Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland.

The earliest champions in womens gymnastics tended to be in their 20s, larisa Latynina, the first great Soviet gymnast, won her first Olympic all-around medal at the age of 22 and her second at 26, she became the world champion while pregnant with her daughter.

Smaller, lighter girls generally excelled in the more challenging acrobatic elements required by the redesigned Code of Points, the 58th Congress of the FIG—held in July , just before the Olympics—decided to raise the minimum age for senior international competition from 14 to The change, which came into effect two years later, did not eliminate the problem, by the time of the Summer Olympics, elite competitors consisted almost exclusively of pixies—underweight, prepubertal teenagers—and concerns were raised about athletes welfare.

The FIG responded to this trend by raising the age for international elite competition to 16 in This, combined with changes in the Code of Points and evolving popular opinion in the sport, while the average elite female gymnast is still in her middle to late teens and of below-average height and weight, it is also common to see gymnasts competing well into their 20s.

Summer Olympic Games — The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in , is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.

The most recent Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the International Olympic Committee organizes the games and oversees the host citys preparations.

In each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals are awarded for second place, and bronze medals are awarded for third, the Winter Olympic Games were created due to the success of the Summer Olympics.

The Olympics have increased in scope from a event competition with fewer than male competitors from 14 nations in to events with 10, competitors from nations in , eighteen countries have hosted the Summer Olympics.

Tokyo is the first city outside of the Western world to host the Summer Olympics multiple times, asia has hosted the Summer Olympics four times in Japan, South Korea, and China.

The only Summer Olympics held in the Southern Hemisphere have been in Australia, the Games are the first Summer Olympics to be held in South America and the first to be held during the local winter season.

The United States leads the medal table. Qualification rules for each of the Olympic sports are set by the International Sports Federations that governs that sports international competition, for individual sports, competitors typically qualify through attaining a certain place in a major international event or on the IFs ranking list.

There is a rule that maximum three individual athletes may represent each nation per competition. Nations most often qualify teams for team sports through continental qualifying tournaments, each nation may be represented by no more than one team per competition a team is two people in some sports.

Stockholm has hosted events at two Summer Olympic Games, having hosted the games in and the events at the Summer Olympics—which they are usually listed as jointly hosting.

Universiade — The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation.

The name is a combination of the words University and olympiad, the Universiade is often referred to in English as the World University Games or World Student Games, however, this latter term can also refer to competitions for sub-University grades students.

The Universiade is the largest multi-sport event in the world apart from the Olympic Games, the most recent games were in , the Winter Universiade was in Almaty, Kazakhstan, while the Summer Universiade was in Gwangju, Korea.

The idea of an international sports competition between student-athletes pre-dates the formation of the International University Sports Federation, which now hosts the Universiade.

This did not come to pass, but an event was created in Germany in in the form of the Academic Olympia. Five editions were held from to , all of which were hosted in Germany following the cancellation of an Italy-based event, at the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a University Olympic Games.

After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants, was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the International Universities Championships.

This was followed by the renamed Summer Student World Championships a year later, another name change resulted in the International University Games.

A separate group organised an alternative university games in in Vienna, the onset of World War II ceased all major international student sport activities and the aftermath also led to division among the movement, as the CIE was disbanded and rival organisations emerged.

This event was not directly organised by either group, instead being organised by Jean Petitjean in France, the FISU-organised Universiade became the direct successor to this competition, maintaining the biennial format into the inaugural Universiade.

That same year, what had previously been a European competition became a global one, with the inclusion of Brazil, Japan.

The increased participation ultimately led to the establishment of the Universiade as the global student sport championship.

Rio became the first South American city to host the Summer Olympics, the United States topped the medal table for the fifth time in the past six Summer Olympics, winning the most golds and most medals overall, as well as its 1, th Olympic gold medal overall.

Great Britain finished second and became the first country in the history of the modern Olympics to increase its tally of medals in the subsequent games after being the host nation.

Host country Brazil won seven medals, its most at any single Summer Olympics. The first step for each city was to submit an application to the International Olympic Committee by 13 September Completed official bid files, containing answers to a question IOC form, were to be submitted by each 14 January Four candidate cities were chosen for the shortlist on 4 June , Chicago, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro and Tokyo, prague and Baku also failed to make the cut.

Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco headed the member Evaluation Commission, having chaired the evaluation commission for the Summer Olympics bids.

The commission made on-site inspections in the quarter of They issued a comprehensive technical appraisal for IOC members on 2 September, many restrictions are in place designed to prevent bidding cities from communicating with or influencing directly the voting members.

Cities may not invite any IOC member to visit nor may they send anything that could be construed as a gift, the final voting was held on 2 October , in Copenhagen with Madrid and Rio de Janeiro perceived as favourites to land the games.

Chicago and Tokyo were eliminated after the first and second rounds of voting, respectively, the lead held and Rio de Janeiro was announced as host of Summer Olympics.

Renato Ciuchin was then appointed as COO, events took place at eighteen existing venues, nine new venues constructed specifically for the Games, and seven temporary venues.

Each event was held in one of four geographically segregated Olympic clusters, Barra, Copacabana, Deodoro, the same was done for the Pan American Games.

The first event, the stage in womens football began on 25 July at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.

Construction for the Games involved considerable redevelopment, with an emphasis on sustainability, the main focus was a new hectare Olympic Park, constructed on a former industrial site at Stratford, East London.

The Games also made use of venues that already existed before the bid, the Games received widespread acclaim for their organisation, with the volunteers, the British military and public enthusiasm praised particularly highly.

During the Games, Michael Phelps became the most decorated Olympic athlete of all time, saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Brunei entered female athletes for the first time, so that every currently eligible country has sent a female competitor to at least one Olympic Games.

Womens boxing was included for the first time, thus the Games became the first at which every sport had female competitors and these were the final Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of Jacques Rogge.

The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China, several world and Olympic records were set at the games.

Furthermore, the focus on sporting legacy and post-games venue sustainability was seen as a blueprint for future Olympics.

On 18 May , as a result of a technical evaluation. All five submitted their candidate files by 19 November and were visited by the IOC inspection team during February, throughout the process, Paris was widely seen as the favourite, particularly as this was its third bid in recent years.

London was initially seen as lagging behind Paris by a considerable margin and its position began to improve after the appointment of Lord Coe as the new head of London on 19 May In late August , reports predicted a tie between London and Paris, on 6 June , the IOC released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities.

They did not contain any scores or rankings, but the report for Paris was considered the most positive, London was close behind, having closed most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in New York and Madrid also received positive evaluations.

On 1 July , when asked who would win, Jacques Rogge said, but my gut feeling tells me that it will be very close. Perhaps it will come down to a difference of say ten votes, on 6 July , the final selection was announced at the th IOC Session in Singapore.

Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New York, the final two contenders were London and Paris.

Beijing was awarded the Games over four competitors on 13 July , the Government of the Peoples Republic of China promoted the Games and invested heavily in new facilities and transportation systems.

The Games were the second most watched Olympics in history, attracting 4. An unprecedented 86 countries won at least one medal during the Games, Chinese athletes won the most gold medals with 51, and with medals in total became only the 7th different Olympic team to top an overall medal tally.

The United States won the most total medals with , the games were deemed highly successful with the rising standard of competition among nations across the world.

Prior to the session, five other cities had submitted bids to the IOC, after the first round of voting, Beijing held a significant lead over the other four candidates.

Osaka received only six votes and was eliminated, in the second round, Beijing was supported by a majority of voters, eliminating the need for subsequent rounds.

Torontos bid was their 5th failure since , the size of China, its increased enforcement of doping controls, and sympathy concerning its loss of the Summer Olympics to Sydney were all factors in the decision.

Eight years earlier, Beijing had led every round of voting for the Summer Olympics before losing to Sydney by two votes in the final round. In addition, a number of IOC delegates who had formerly been athletes expressed concern about heat and air quality during the Games, China outlined plans to address these environmental concerns in its bid application.

Gymnastics — Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, endurance and control.

The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, chest, alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics.

Each country has its own governing body affiliated to FIG. Competitive artistic gymnastics is the best known of the gymnastic events and it typically involves the womens events of vault, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise.

Mens events are floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars, other FIG disciplines include rhythmic gymnastics, trampolining and tumbling, acrobatic gymnastics and aerobic gymnastics.

Disciplines not currently recognized by FIG include wheel gymnastics, aesthetic group gymnastics, mens rhythmic gymnastics and TeamGym.

It came into use in the s, from Latin gymnasticus, from Greek gymnastikos fond of or skilled in bodily exercise, Gymnastics originated in ancient Spain and was originally intended for military training, where it was used by soldiers to prepare for warfare.

Jahn promoted the use of bars, rings and high bars in international competition. The Federation of International Gymnastics was founded in Liege in , by the end of the nineteenth century, mens gymnastics competition was popular enough to be included in the first modern Olympic Games in During the s, women organized and participated in gymnastics events, the first womens Olympic competition was primitive, only involving synchronized calisthenics and track and field.

These games were held in , in Amsterdam, by , Olympic Games apparatus and events for both men and women had been standardized in modern format, and uniform grading structures had been agreed upon.

At this time, Soviet gymnasts astounded the world with highly disciplined and difficult performances, television has helped publicize and initiate a modern age of gymnastics.

Both mens and womens gymnastics now attract considerable international interest, in , a new points system for Artistic gymnastics was put into play.

With an A Score being the difficulty score, which as of is based on the top 8 high scoring elements in a routine, the B Score, is the score for execution, and is given for how well the skills are performed.

Horizontal bar — The horizontal bar, also known as the high bar, is an apparatus used by male gymnasts in artistic gymnastics.

It traditionally consists of a metal bar that is rigidly held above and parallel to the floor by a system of cables. Gymnasts typically wear suede leather grips while performing on the bar, current elite-level competition uses a more elastic fiberglass core rail similar in material to the rails used in the womens uneven bars and mens parallel bars apparatus.

The gymnastics elements performed on the bar are regulated by a Code of Points. A bar routine, which is a sequence of several bar skills, usually includes giants with various grips, in-bar work, turns, release and regrasp skills, the horizontal bar was used by acrobats in ancient Greece and Rome, and on through the Middle Ages.

Each grip is used for a particular set of skills. When gymnasts compete on the bar they are often required by the Code of Points to use specific grips.

The overhand grip, or regular grip, is the grip used for the horizontal bar. On the overhand grip the hands circle the bar with the backs of the hands facing the gymnast, a dorsal grip is an overhand grip employed while the gymnasts legs pass through the arms into a skin the cat position.

The overhand grip is used in giant swings, and the grip in German Giant Swings. The reverse grip and underhand grip, is the opposite of the overhand grip, the palms of the hands face the gymnast.

It is similar to the used in chin-ups. Forward giant swings are among the skills that use this grip, the elgrip is also an underhand grip, In an elgrip or L-Grip or eagle grip a gymnasts hands are turned degrees outward from an over grip.

Thumbs are turned out, but in the direction of an undergrip. This position requires flexible shoulders to swing comfortably, the mixed grip is a combination of the overhand and underhand grips with one hand in each position.

This grip can be used to gain height on release skills. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fabian Hambüchen Fabian Hambüchen in World champions in artistic gymnastics — men's horizontal bar.

European champions in artistic gymnastics - men's individual all-around. Retrieved from " https: The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three , year-old wooden javelins were unearthed 2.

This, combined with changes in the Code of Points and evolving popular opinion in the sport, while the average elite female gymnast is still in her middle to late teens and of below-average height and weight, it is also common to see gymnasts competing well into their 20s 4.

Stockholm has hosted events at two Summer Olympic Games, having hosted the games in and the events at the Summer Olympics—which they are usually listed as jointly hosting 5.

Each event was held in one of four geographically segregated Olympic clusters, Barra, Copacabana, Deodoro, the same was done for the Pan American Games 7.

Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New York, the final two contenders were London and Paris 8. Germany [videos] Germany listen ; German: The Nebra sky disk , c.

Martin Luther — initiated the Protestant Reformation. Foundation of the German Empire in Versailles , Bismarck is at the centre in a white uniform.

Wetzlar is a city located in the state of Hesse, Germany. A gymnast performing on the parallel bars in Alberto Braglia won the gold medal in gymnastics at the and Olympics.

The Summer Olympic Games French: The opening ceremony of the first modern Olympic Games in the Panathenaic Stadium.

Dorando Pietri finishes the modern marathon at the current distance. Soviet student-athletes at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students. A student football match held at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students.

The Summer Olympics Portuguese: A young girl adds her signature in support of Rio de Janeiro's candidacy. Museum of Tomorrow , designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava.

Lord Coe — the head of the London bid. Inside Beijing National Stadium during the Games. Olympic cauldron in background. The horizontal bar, also known as the high bar, is an apparatus used by male gymnasts in artistic gymnastics.

Fabian Hambüchen at the horizontal bar. The Summer Olympic Games Greek: The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing.

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Und zum Abschluss bin ich dann auch noch das erste Mal Sportler des Jahres geworden. Boxen Seine Niederlagen haben Axel Schulz berühmt gemacht. Bei der Auszeichnung zur "Sportlerin des Jahres" spricht die Tennisspielerin über einen sportlichen Wendepunkt und ihr Treffen mit Obama. Die Bilder der Spiele. Ovationen gibt es trotzdem. Er könnte sich da ziemlich übel getäuscht haben. Die Tennisspielerin und der Turner gewannen die Wahl mit Vorsprung. Das sagt Präsident Wolfgang Dietrich zum Trainerwechsel. Mit 24 schon ein Trainer-Ass. Er wolle jetzt weiter studieren und dabei vielleicht "beruflich etwas finden, was mich genauso inspiriert wie das Turnen". Nguyen und Seitz Deutsche Meister im Mehrkampf Was für ein schöner Abgang. Mit diesen Gedankenspielen hat der 29 Jahre alte Turner selbst seinen Manager überrascht. Besser geht es Seriensiegerin Elisabeth Seitz. Marcel Nguyen nominiert

Fabian hambüchen olympia 2019 -

Wir haben damals mit der Mannschaft ja auch die Bronzemedaille geholt gehabt, ich selbst Silber im Mehrkampf und Gold am Reck. Nachdem er seine internationale Turn-Karriere bereits beendet hatte, soll nach diesem Wochenende für Fabian Hambüchen auch national Schluss sein. Noch aber ist der "Turnfloh", der schon vor einiger Zeit in Koblenz mit dem Abtrainieren begonnen hat, in seiner ganz persönlichen Probierphase. RUS 19 18 19 5. Den Titel seiner erst vor sechs Wochen erschienenen Autobiografie setzt Deutschlands Turnlegende Fabian Hambüchen beim letzten Wettkampf seiner Karriere in Ludwigsburg um - zum bereits zweiten Mal binnen eines halben Jahres. Übersicht über alle Turn-Ergebnisse bei Olympia. Italiens Präsident wirbt für….

Artistic gymnastics — Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which athletes perform short routines on different apparatus, with less time for vaulting.

Artistic gymnastics is a spectator sport at the Summer Olympic Games. The gymnastic system was mentioned in works by ancient authors, such as Homer, Aristotle and it included many disciplines that would later become separate sports, such as swimming, racing, wrestling, boxing, and riding, and was also used for military training.

The German educator Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, who was known as the father of gymnastics, invented several apparatus, including the bar and parallel bars.

Two of the first gymnastics clubs were Turnvereins and Sokols, in , the FIG was founded, and it remains the governing body of international gymnastics.

Gymnastics was included in the program of the Summer Olympics, the World Championships, held since , were open only to men until Since that time, two branches of artistic gymnastics have developed, womens gymnastics and mens artistic gymnastics.

Unlike mens and womens branches of other sports, WAG and MAG differ significantly in apparatus used at major competitions. Womens gymnastics entered the Olympics as an event in and was included in the twelfth gymnastics world championships in Individual women were recognized in the all-around as early as the world championships in Two years after the womens program was introduced at the World Championships, it was added to the Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland.

The earliest champions in womens gymnastics tended to be in their 20s, larisa Latynina, the first great Soviet gymnast, won her first Olympic all-around medal at the age of 22 and her second at 26, she became the world champion while pregnant with her daughter.

Smaller, lighter girls generally excelled in the more challenging acrobatic elements required by the redesigned Code of Points, the 58th Congress of the FIG—held in July , just before the Olympics—decided to raise the minimum age for senior international competition from 14 to The change, which came into effect two years later, did not eliminate the problem, by the time of the Summer Olympics, elite competitors consisted almost exclusively of pixies—underweight, prepubertal teenagers—and concerns were raised about athletes welfare.

The FIG responded to this trend by raising the age for international elite competition to 16 in This, combined with changes in the Code of Points and evolving popular opinion in the sport, while the average elite female gymnast is still in her middle to late teens and of below-average height and weight, it is also common to see gymnasts competing well into their 20s.

Summer Olympic Games — The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in , is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.

The most recent Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the International Olympic Committee organizes the games and oversees the host citys preparations.

In each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals are awarded for second place, and bronze medals are awarded for third, the Winter Olympic Games were created due to the success of the Summer Olympics.

The Olympics have increased in scope from a event competition with fewer than male competitors from 14 nations in to events with 10, competitors from nations in , eighteen countries have hosted the Summer Olympics.

Tokyo is the first city outside of the Western world to host the Summer Olympics multiple times, asia has hosted the Summer Olympics four times in Japan, South Korea, and China.

The only Summer Olympics held in the Southern Hemisphere have been in Australia, the Games are the first Summer Olympics to be held in South America and the first to be held during the local winter season.

The United States leads the medal table. Qualification rules for each of the Olympic sports are set by the International Sports Federations that governs that sports international competition, for individual sports, competitors typically qualify through attaining a certain place in a major international event or on the IFs ranking list.

There is a rule that maximum three individual athletes may represent each nation per competition. Nations most often qualify teams for team sports through continental qualifying tournaments, each nation may be represented by no more than one team per competition a team is two people in some sports.

Stockholm has hosted events at two Summer Olympic Games, having hosted the games in and the events at the Summer Olympics—which they are usually listed as jointly hosting.

Universiade — The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation.

The name is a combination of the words University and olympiad, the Universiade is often referred to in English as the World University Games or World Student Games, however, this latter term can also refer to competitions for sub-University grades students.

The Universiade is the largest multi-sport event in the world apart from the Olympic Games, the most recent games were in , the Winter Universiade was in Almaty, Kazakhstan, while the Summer Universiade was in Gwangju, Korea.

The idea of an international sports competition between student-athletes pre-dates the formation of the International University Sports Federation, which now hosts the Universiade.

This did not come to pass, but an event was created in Germany in in the form of the Academic Olympia. Five editions were held from to , all of which were hosted in Germany following the cancellation of an Italy-based event, at the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a University Olympic Games.

After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants, was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the International Universities Championships.

This was followed by the renamed Summer Student World Championships a year later, another name change resulted in the International University Games.

A separate group organised an alternative university games in in Vienna, the onset of World War II ceased all major international student sport activities and the aftermath also led to division among the movement, as the CIE was disbanded and rival organisations emerged.

This event was not directly organised by either group, instead being organised by Jean Petitjean in France, the FISU-organised Universiade became the direct successor to this competition, maintaining the biennial format into the inaugural Universiade.

That same year, what had previously been a European competition became a global one, with the inclusion of Brazil, Japan. The increased participation ultimately led to the establishment of the Universiade as the global student sport championship.

Rio became the first South American city to host the Summer Olympics, the United States topped the medal table for the fifth time in the past six Summer Olympics, winning the most golds and most medals overall, as well as its 1, th Olympic gold medal overall.

Great Britain finished second and became the first country in the history of the modern Olympics to increase its tally of medals in the subsequent games after being the host nation.

Host country Brazil won seven medals, its most at any single Summer Olympics. The first step for each city was to submit an application to the International Olympic Committee by 13 September Completed official bid files, containing answers to a question IOC form, were to be submitted by each 14 January Four candidate cities were chosen for the shortlist on 4 June , Chicago, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro and Tokyo, prague and Baku also failed to make the cut.

Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco headed the member Evaluation Commission, having chaired the evaluation commission for the Summer Olympics bids. The commission made on-site inspections in the quarter of They issued a comprehensive technical appraisal for IOC members on 2 September, many restrictions are in place designed to prevent bidding cities from communicating with or influencing directly the voting members.

Cities may not invite any IOC member to visit nor may they send anything that could be construed as a gift, the final voting was held on 2 October , in Copenhagen with Madrid and Rio de Janeiro perceived as favourites to land the games.

Chicago and Tokyo were eliminated after the first and second rounds of voting, respectively, the lead held and Rio de Janeiro was announced as host of Summer Olympics.

Renato Ciuchin was then appointed as COO, events took place at eighteen existing venues, nine new venues constructed specifically for the Games, and seven temporary venues.

Each event was held in one of four geographically segregated Olympic clusters, Barra, Copacabana, Deodoro, the same was done for the Pan American Games.

The first event, the stage in womens football began on 25 July at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.

Construction for the Games involved considerable redevelopment, with an emphasis on sustainability, the main focus was a new hectare Olympic Park, constructed on a former industrial site at Stratford, East London.

The Games also made use of venues that already existed before the bid, the Games received widespread acclaim for their organisation, with the volunteers, the British military and public enthusiasm praised particularly highly.

During the Games, Michael Phelps became the most decorated Olympic athlete of all time, saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Brunei entered female athletes for the first time, so that every currently eligible country has sent a female competitor to at least one Olympic Games.

Womens boxing was included for the first time, thus the Games became the first at which every sport had female competitors and these were the final Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of Jacques Rogge.

The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China, several world and Olympic records were set at the games.

Furthermore, the focus on sporting legacy and post-games venue sustainability was seen as a blueprint for future Olympics.

On 18 May , as a result of a technical evaluation. All five submitted their candidate files by 19 November and were visited by the IOC inspection team during February, throughout the process, Paris was widely seen as the favourite, particularly as this was its third bid in recent years.

London was initially seen as lagging behind Paris by a considerable margin and its position began to improve after the appointment of Lord Coe as the new head of London on 19 May In late August , reports predicted a tie between London and Paris, on 6 June , the IOC released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities.

They did not contain any scores or rankings, but the report for Paris was considered the most positive, London was close behind, having closed most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in New York and Madrid also received positive evaluations.

On 1 July , when asked who would win, Jacques Rogge said, but my gut feeling tells me that it will be very close. Perhaps it will come down to a difference of say ten votes, on 6 July , the final selection was announced at the th IOC Session in Singapore.

Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New York, the final two contenders were London and Paris.

Beijing was awarded the Games over four competitors on 13 July , the Government of the Peoples Republic of China promoted the Games and invested heavily in new facilities and transportation systems.

The Games were the second most watched Olympics in history, attracting 4. An unprecedented 86 countries won at least one medal during the Games, Chinese athletes won the most gold medals with 51, and with medals in total became only the 7th different Olympic team to top an overall medal tally.

The United States won the most total medals with , the games were deemed highly successful with the rising standard of competition among nations across the world.

Prior to the session, five other cities had submitted bids to the IOC, after the first round of voting, Beijing held a significant lead over the other four candidates.

Osaka received only six votes and was eliminated, in the second round, Beijing was supported by a majority of voters, eliminating the need for subsequent rounds.

Torontos bid was their 5th failure since , the size of China, its increased enforcement of doping controls, and sympathy concerning its loss of the Summer Olympics to Sydney were all factors in the decision.

Eight years earlier, Beijing had led every round of voting for the Summer Olympics before losing to Sydney by two votes in the final round.

In addition, a number of IOC delegates who had formerly been athletes expressed concern about heat and air quality during the Games, China outlined plans to address these environmental concerns in its bid application.

Gymnastics — Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, endurance and control.

The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, chest, alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics.

Each country has its own governing body affiliated to FIG. Competitive artistic gymnastics is the best known of the gymnastic events and it typically involves the womens events of vault, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise.

Mens events are floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars, other FIG disciplines include rhythmic gymnastics, trampolining and tumbling, acrobatic gymnastics and aerobic gymnastics.

Disciplines not currently recognized by FIG include wheel gymnastics, aesthetic group gymnastics, mens rhythmic gymnastics and TeamGym.

It came into use in the s, from Latin gymnasticus, from Greek gymnastikos fond of or skilled in bodily exercise, Gymnastics originated in ancient Spain and was originally intended for military training, where it was used by soldiers to prepare for warfare.

Jahn promoted the use of bars, rings and high bars in international competition. The Federation of International Gymnastics was founded in Liege in , by the end of the nineteenth century, mens gymnastics competition was popular enough to be included in the first modern Olympic Games in During the s, women organized and participated in gymnastics events, the first womens Olympic competition was primitive, only involving synchronized calisthenics and track and field.

These games were held in , in Amsterdam, by , Olympic Games apparatus and events for both men and women had been standardized in modern format, and uniform grading structures had been agreed upon.

At this time, Soviet gymnasts astounded the world with highly disciplined and difficult performances, television has helped publicize and initiate a modern age of gymnastics.

Both mens and womens gymnastics now attract considerable international interest, in , a new points system for Artistic gymnastics was put into play.

With an A Score being the difficulty score, which as of is based on the top 8 high scoring elements in a routine, the B Score, is the score for execution, and is given for how well the skills are performed.

Horizontal bar — The horizontal bar, also known as the high bar, is an apparatus used by male gymnasts in artistic gymnastics.

It traditionally consists of a metal bar that is rigidly held above and parallel to the floor by a system of cables.

Gymnasts typically wear suede leather grips while performing on the bar, current elite-level competition uses a more elastic fiberglass core rail similar in material to the rails used in the womens uneven bars and mens parallel bars apparatus.

The gymnastics elements performed on the bar are regulated by a Code of Points. A bar routine, which is a sequence of several bar skills, usually includes giants with various grips, in-bar work, turns, release and regrasp skills, the horizontal bar was used by acrobats in ancient Greece and Rome, and on through the Middle Ages.

Each grip is used for a particular set of skills. When gymnasts compete on the bar they are often required by the Code of Points to use specific grips.

The overhand grip, or regular grip, is the grip used for the horizontal bar. On the overhand grip the hands circle the bar with the backs of the hands facing the gymnast, a dorsal grip is an overhand grip employed while the gymnasts legs pass through the arms into a skin the cat position.

The overhand grip is used in giant swings, and the grip in German Giant Swings. The reverse grip and underhand grip, is the opposite of the overhand grip, the palms of the hands face the gymnast.

It is similar to the used in chin-ups. Forward giant swings are among the skills that use this grip, the elgrip is also an underhand grip, In an elgrip or L-Grip or eagle grip a gymnasts hands are turned degrees outward from an over grip.

Thumbs are turned out, but in the direction of an undergrip. This position requires flexible shoulders to swing comfortably, the mixed grip is a combination of the overhand and underhand grips with one hand in each position.

This grip can be used to gain height on release skills. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fabian Hambüchen Fabian Hambüchen in World champions in artistic gymnastics — men's horizontal bar.

European champions in artistic gymnastics - men's individual all-around. Retrieved from " https: The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three , year-old wooden javelins were unearthed 2.

This, combined with changes in the Code of Points and evolving popular opinion in the sport, while the average elite female gymnast is still in her middle to late teens and of below-average height and weight, it is also common to see gymnasts competing well into their 20s 4.

Stockholm has hosted events at two Summer Olympic Games, having hosted the games in and the events at the Summer Olympics—which they are usually listed as jointly hosting 5.

Each event was held in one of four geographically segregated Olympic clusters, Barra, Copacabana, Deodoro, the same was done for the Pan American Games 7.

Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New York, the final two contenders were London and Paris 8. Germany [videos] Germany listen ; German: The Nebra sky disk , c.

Martin Luther — initiated the Protestant Reformation. Foundation of the German Empire in Versailles , Bismarck is at the centre in a white uniform.

Wetzlar is a city located in the state of Hesse, Germany. A gymnast performing on the parallel bars in Alberto Braglia won the gold medal in gymnastics at the and Olympics.

The Summer Olympic Games French: The opening ceremony of the first modern Olympic Games in the Panathenaic Stadium. Dorando Pietri finishes the modern marathon at the current distance.

Soviet student-athletes at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students. A student football match held at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students.

The Summer Olympics Portuguese: A young girl adds her signature in support of Rio de Janeiro's candidacy. Museum of Tomorrow , designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava.

Lord Coe — the head of the London bid. Get free downloads for Internet Explorer 7, including recommended updates as they become available. To download Internet Explorer 7 in the language of your choice, please visit the Internet Explorer 7 worldwide page.

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